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Object Record

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Catalog Number 2011.02.11
Object Name Cradle, Basket
Collection Dorothy Hill Cradleboard Collection
Collector Dorothy Hill
Description (Heather Martin 6/27/2016) This is a sunshade made to be attached to a baby carrier. Both the warps and wefts are probably willow (Salix sp.). Weaving is begun at the narrow end with four rows of plain twining. The body of the shade is open twined over two warps, with each row about three quarters of an inch apart. At the narrow end there are three rows of plain twining with one quarter of an inch gap before the final row, which is lattice twined, with the lattice piece on the underside of the shade. The slant of weft is up to the right, with the exception of the lattice twined row, which is down-to-the-right. At the widest point of the sunshade there is a band of green diagonal lines. The lines are made using yarn that passes over one warp at a time and then wraps around the sticks that make up the sunshade supporting arch. The sides of the supporting arch are bound together in a coil of weft material. At the end of the support coils there is piece of green yarn that wraps around one and extends across the width of the shade and is anchored to the other support coil.

The construction of this sun shade is very common to all scoop-shape shades with the exception of the supporting arch. The legs of arches are typically open twined, whereas the legs of this arch are bound and coiled. This style is most similar to Hat Creek Atsugewi sun shades, except these shades have two supports on each side, rather than the one seen here (Farmer 2013:132). The documentation for this piece attributes it to the Maidu. It is possible that the supports were unfinished when purchased and the weaver wrapped them in a coil to secure them, or simply that the shade was made in an innovative style that does not conform to traditional styles.

(Don Hankins 10/27/2016) Cradle head made of willow. Scraped willow rods with sedge twining. Support rods are bounded and wrapped with willow. Green yarn pattern, many rods have stem borer exit holes. Paiute.

(Sue Campbell 5/2/2017) This is a doll hood- just the hood- for a baby basket. It has got willow, looks like a summer willow or spring willow, that has been very well cleaned but it's not completely finished on the ends. It has willow six rib sticks and they're kind of small because it's the doll size. Then they have the same summer willow going across to make the hood. They are nicely cleaned and they are broken to get the hood to come in, so every so often you see them snapped to make that beautiful narrowing shape. It has a green yarn across the top to make the lines for a boy design. The rib sticks on both side are wrapped with sedge, so that would tell me that this basket comes from the valley, either Chico, Oroville, or somewhere down here in the valley that uses sedge. It also has sedge weaving together the sticks going across the ribs to make the hood. It is all done with sedge going across. There is no leather on the front or the back of the hood. On the very bottom of the hood where it normally attaches to the basket there is a stick that goes across to form a foundation to kind of widen out the bottom and to adhere the sticks together. And again, it is all done with sedge root. The interesting thing about the sedge, and Pomo people would know this, is when you separate your sedge you would do it by color because you get some sedge more of a whiter color, some more of a redder color, some more of a grey color. This weaver actually just kind of mixed up her sedges because you got pretty white sedge, and I had to really look at it to make sure it wasn't something else, and then you got kind of this reddish-brown sedge on the front going down, and what I discovered is that this is all sedge that's going across to twine the basket together but it's been different colors of sedges. That happens because when you pull the root out sometimes you get, in certain types of soils, they can be different colors. I'm not an expert on that, the Pomo basket maker would probably be an expert on that, but I have worked with sedge. My conclusion is that this is a valley Maidu hood because of the sedges that have been used on this basket.

Material willow, yarn
Place of Origin California or Nevada
Provenance Possibly Maidu (Heather Martin 6/27/2016)
Valley Maidu (Sue Campbell 5/2/2017)
Paiute (Don Hankins 10/27/2016)
Dimensions H-19 W-25 L-19 cm
Imagefile 004\20110211-2.JPG
Caption 2011.02.11 image showing the hood from the side