|Object Name||Basket, Trinket|
|Collection||James W. McManus Collection|
(Heather Martin 7/3/16) This is a twined treasure or fancy basket with a lid. The workface is the exterior and the work direction is to the right. The basket has a plaited start that uses six warps and six wefts to create a square of cedar bark (Thuja plicat). These cedar elements extend from the square start to form the warps of the basket, with additional warps added at the corners to form a circle. Following the plaited start, the basket base is plain-twined with a root weft over wide warps, ending with three rows of plain twining over narrow wefts followed by a row of three-strand twining where the walls of the basket begin. The walls are woven in wrapped twining with bear grass (Xerophyllum tenax) wefts and cedar bark warps. There is pink material sewn to the rim with pink and black thread as well as black material sewn with white string. There is a metal wire incorporated into this web of stitching for about six inches. It appears that the original rim of the basket is missing and that the material sewn to the basket is an attempt to repair the damage. The design is created using dyed bear grass. There are two bands, each with two stripes of purple separated by a stripe of pink, on the walls of the basket. The design is created using weft substitution, with the splices being clipped on the interior of the basket. The lid is woven in a similar manner to the base. However, the lid starts with a knot of root warps, rather than a plaited square of cedar bark. The design on the lid consists of a pink circle in the center with green triangles around the circumferences, creating a flower or sun figure. This shape is encircled by a band with two stripes of green separated by a stripe of pink. The rim of the lid has segments of metal wire sewn to it with red thread, possible to maintain the shape. All of the colors are extremely faded on the exterior of the basket.
This basket is typical of the styles made on the Northwest coast of North America, in British Colombia. More specifically, this basket is of the style made by Nootka (Nuu-chah-nulth) and Makah weavers. However, Makah are known for using plaited cedar bark starts and bear grass wefts, a unique combination of features in the area (Gogol 1981:8). Therefore, this basket was likely made by a Makah weaver, despite the record stating that the basket is Nootka.
|Material||cedar bark, spruce root, beargrass, wire, thread, cloth|
|Place of Origin||Vancouver Island, BC, Canada|
Nootka (Previous documentation)
Makah (Heather Martin 7/3/16)
Date Collected: 1967
|Dimensions||H-8.5 Dia-15 cm|