|Object Name||Basket, Winnowing|
(Heather Martin 2/29/2016) This is a twined tray made with cordage warps. It is generally flat with undulations caused by the flexibility in the warp materials. The slant of weft is down to the right and the work direction is to the right. The entire basket is plain twined using tule warps and wefts. The starting knot is oval shaped and created by wrapping all of the warp elements in one bundle and then dividing them into smaller bundles as the twining progresses. There is no indentations at the start. Surrounding the start there is a band of alternating light and dark columns for one-fourth of an inch. Next is three-eighths of an inch of light color followed by another alternating light and dark band for two rows. Surrounding this is a band of dark colored diamonds, each about an inch apart but connected with two rows of dark tule. This design repeats a second time, except in this second band the outer half of the diamonds is checkered light and dark tule. Just outside this final diamond band there is two rows of dark tule, five-eighths of an inch of light tule, and two final rows of dark tule. The rim is finished by binding the warps down on the non-workface and the wefts at the end of the last weft row are knotted together. The design is created using weft substitution, except in the diamond elements where wefts are floated on the non-workface. The weft splices ends are knotted with existing weft elements on the non-workface. There are no signs of use, though there are some lost stitches at the rim and a one-inch tear near the rim.
Baskets with cordage warps such as this were made by the Klamath, Modoc, Achumawi, and Atsugewi of northeastern California and Oregon. Of these groups, the Klamath and Modoc were known to make cordage warp trays that were used for winnowing, sifting, and parching wokas, or water lily seeds (Shanks 2015:117). However, these trays are 20-30 inches in diameter, while this tray is under 14 inches. This may mean that this tray was made for sale rather than for use in wokas processing.
|Place of Origin||northeastern California|
|Provenance||Klamath or Modoc (Heather Martin 2/29/16)|
|Caption||2001.06.13 image showing the back of the basket|