|Object Name||Basket, Winnowing|
|Other Name||Twined Tray|
|Collection||Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Hupp Collection|
|Collector||Rosalie Hupp Baldwin (d)|
(Heather Martin 2/21/2016) This is a twined tray made with cordage warps. Both the warps and wefts are made with tule (Scirpus sp.). It is generally flat with undulations caused by the flexibility in the warp materials. The slant of weft is down to the right and the work direction is to the right. The starting knot is flat and created by wrapping all of the warp elements in one bundle and then dividing them into smaller bundles as the twining progresses. The entire basket is plain twined with a banded design created using weft substitution where the weft splice ends are laid in on the workface and knotted with existing weft elements on the non-workface. Twining begins with undyed tule for one and a half inches. The first band is created by alternating dyed and undyed tule that results in vertical stripes, although these stripes are irregular in some areas. Then there is a half an inch of undyed tule, followed by three rows of dyed tule. Then three quarters of an inch of undyed tule is followed by four rows of dyed tule, a pattern that repeats three more times. There are five bands in total, including the striped band. The basket is finished with four rows of undyed tule. The warps are secured at the rim by binding them down on the non-workface with the final twining row. The end of the last weft row is missing, making it impossible to tell how the wefts were secured. There are no signs of use.
Baskets with cordage warps such as this were made by the Klamath, Modoc, Achumawi, and Atsugewi of northeastern California and Oregon. Of these groups, the Klamath and Modoc were known to make cordage warp trays that were used for winnowing, sifting, and parching wokas, or water lily seeds (Shanks 2015:117). However, these trays are 20-30 inches in diameter, while this tray is under 13 inches. This may mean that this tray was made for sale rather than for use in wokas processing. This attribution is consistent with Mary Wahl's attribution of Klamath for the origin of this basket.
(Mary Wahl 4/19/2001) Klamath tray or mat.
|Place of Origin||California|
Klamath (Mary Wahl 4/16/2001)
Klamath or Modoc (Heather 2/21/2016)
Date Collected: 1910-1920
|Caption||2.1 Twined tray, workface|