|Object Name||Cradle, Basket|
|Collection||Dorothy Hill Cradleboard Collection|
(Heather Martin 6/5/16) This is a miniature baby carrier with a seat and handle. Following Farmer's classification, this cradle is designated as a sit-down cradle in the Slipper style, where the toe of the slipper shape creates a seat for the baby (Farmer 2013:20). The warps are made of willow (Salix sp.) and the wefts are made with willow or hazel (Corylus sp.). The seat of the carrier is formed by twining a series of horizontal warps. This portion is plain twined with a slant of weft that alternates up-to-the-left and down-to-the-right. The back of the carrier is connected by wrapping the vertical warps of the back to the lower-most horizontal warp of the seat. These vertical warps then double over themselves and are secured by the first row of twining on the back. These first rows of twining on the back also incorporate the lower portion of horizontal warps, serving to bend the horizontal warps into the vertical position to form the walls of the carrier. As twining continues, all of the warps that form the seat are bent upward to form the walls. The back and walls of the carrier are done in open plain twining in groups of two rows, also with an alternating slant of weft. The warps are trimmed after the final weft row. The front edge of the basket is reinforced with a coil that incorporates the edge wefts. This front coil extends from the top of the basket and is looped over to join the opposite edge, creating a handle. At the top front edge there is a strand of black and yellow glass beads strung from edge to edge. This strand extends to the outside of the carrier one side to form a loop. The sitting surface is formed by weaving a piece of weft material between the front and back edges.
This Slipper style baby carrier is typical of those made by Northwestern California cultures, which includes Hupa, Yurok, Karuk. Tolowa, Whilkut, as well as Shasta. (Farmer 2013: 20). This corroborates the information in the object record, which states that basket is Karuk.
|Material||willow or hazel, glass beads|
|Place of Origin||Northwestern CA|
Karuk (Maggie Hill)
Hupa, Yurok, Karuk. Tolowa, Whilkut, or Shasta (Heather Martin 6/5/2016)
|Dimensions||W-31 L-70.5 cm|
|Caption||2011.02.22 image of the cradle from above|