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Catalog Number 045.007
Object Name Basket, Cooking
Other Name twined basket
Collection Dr. Fred R. Neumann Basketry Collection
Collector Dr. Fred R. Neumann
Description (Heather Martin 5/15/2016) This is a twined globular shaped basket. The slant of weft is up to the right, the workface is the exterior, and the work direction is to the right. The basket has an indented cross-warped start surrounded by one and one-quarter inches of three-strand twining. This is followed by half of an inch of plain twining, three rows of three-strand twining, one inch of plain twining, and three more rows of plain twining. The remainder of the basket is plain twined, except for the final four rows, which consist of a row of three-strand twining, one plain twined row, and two rows of three-strand twining. The warps are probably willow (Salix sp.) or hazel (Corylus sp.). The wefts are conifer root with a double-sided overlay of bear grass (Xerophyllum tenax) and darkened redbud (Cercis occidentalis). The design consists of two zig-zagging bands, each bordered with triangles. Of the final four rows, the lower two are ticked with dark wefts. The warps are trimmed at the rim and the end of the last weft row is missing. The basket had extensive tears that have been repaired using Japanese tissue paper and wheat starch paste.

The double-sided overlay of this basket indicates that it originated from Northeastern California. This technique is used among the Atchumawi, Atsugewi, Wintu, and Yana (Shanks 2015:74). The use of a single color in the design indicates that the basket is unlikely to be of Wintu origin (Shanks 2015:99). While Atsugewi, Achumawi, and Yana basketry is very similar, Yana basketry is distinctly more coarsely woven compared to the other two groups (Shanks 2015:90). Atsugewi and Achumawi baskets are often indistinguishable. However, the Atsugewi more often used a reinforcing rod at the rim as well as floating design elements (Shanks 2015:78), both of which are not found in this basket. This leads to the conclusion that this basket is more likely to be Achumawi. This contradicts Mary Wahl's finding that the basket is Atsugewi.

(Mary Wahl 4/19/2001) Shasta area, Hat Creek, Atsugewi.
Material willow or hazel, bear grass, red bud
Place of Origin northeastern California
Provenance Atsugewi (Mary Wahl 4/19/2001)
Achumawi (Heather Martin 5/15/2016)
Imagefile 001\045007.JPG
Caption 045.007 front and interior of basket