|Object Name||Basket, Winnowing|
(Heather Martin 3/18/16) This is a twined tray made with cordage warps. It is generally flat with undulations caused by the flexibility in the warp materials. The slant of weft is down to the right and the work direction is to the right. The entire basket is plain twined using tule (Scirpus. sp) warps and wefts. The starting knot is created by wrapping all of the warp elements in one bundle and then dividing them into smaller bundles as the twining progresses. There is no indentations at the start. The start is surrounded by one-half of an inch of mud-dyed tule followed by a band of irregularly alternating light and dark stitches for three-fourths of an inch. Next is three-fourths of an inch of light color followed by another alternating light and dark band for one-half of an inch. The basket proceeds with alternating light and dark bands, each about three-fourths of an inch thick, for a total of five dark bands. The basket is finished with two rows of light tule and then a final row of alternating light and dark wefts that serves to bind the warps down on the non-workface. The warps at the end of the last weft row are knotted together. The weft splices ends are knotted with existing weft elements on the non-workface. There are no signs of use, though there is some lost stitches at the rim.
Baskets with cordage warps such as this were made by the Klamath, Modoc, Achumawi, and Atsugewi of Northeastern California and Oregon. Of these groups, the Klamath and Modoc were known to make cordage warp trays that were used for winnowing, sifting, and parching wokas, or water lily seeds (Shanks 2015:117). However, these trays are 20-30 inches in diameter, while this tray is under 16 inches. This may mean that this tray was made for sale rather than for use in wokas processing.
|Place of Origin||northeastern California|
|Provenance||Klamath or Modoc (Heather Martin 3/18/16)|
|Caption||2001.06.14 image showing the back of the basket|