|Other Name||twined basket|
|Collection||Dr. Fred R. Neumann Basketry Collection|
|Collector||Dr. Fred R. Neumann|
(Heather Martin 5/16/2016) This is a small globular twined basket. The slant of weft is up to the right, the workface is the exterior, and the work direction is to the right. The basket has an indented cross-warp start surrounded by four rows of three-strand twining. The basket is plain twined to the rim, with the final three rows in three-strand twining. The warps are trimmed at the rim and the end of the last weft row is missing. The warps are probably willow (Salix sp.) or hazel (Corylus sp.). The wefts are conifer root with an overlay of bear grass (Xerophyllum tenax), red dyed woodwardia fern stem (Woodwardia sp.), and darkened redbud (Cercis occidentalis). On the base of the basket there are six dotted bands of bear grass and woodwardia. There are three bands on the walls of the basket. The lowest band consists of upward pointing triangles. Each triangle is banded with conifer root and woodwardia. The middle band is a thin zig-zag of woodwardia and the upper band is a thin zig-zag of red bud. There are no signs of use, and the basket has very little damage.
The double-sided overlay of this basket indicates that it originated from Northeastern California. This technique is used among the Atchumawi, Atsugewi, Wintu, and Yana (Shanks 2015:74). The use of a single color in the design indicates that the basket is unlikely to be of Wintu origin (Shanks 2015:99). While Atsugewi, Achumawi, and Yana basketry is very similar, Yana basketry is distinctly more coarsely woven compared to the other two groups (Shanks 2015:90). Atsugewi and Achumawi baskets are often indistinguishable. The Wintu more commonly used red and black designs while the Atsugewi and Achumawi used only one color (Shanks 2015:99). The Wintu also more commonly placed designs on the baskets base as well as used bands of conifer root to create stripes that run through the designs (Shanks 2015:99-100). These characters indicate that this basket may be Wintu; however, the globular shape with incurving rim is more indicative of Achumawi and Atsuwewi baskets (Shanks 2015:99). The basket has more features of Wintu basketry, although the Achumawi and Atsugewi cannot be ruled out as a possibility for the origin of this basket. This is consistent with Mary Wahl's attribution of Wintu.
(Mary Wahl 4/19/2001) Northern Wintun, Shasta area.
|Material||willow or hazel, conifer root, bear grass, red bud, woodwardia fern|
|Place of Origin||northeastern California|
Northern Wintun (Mary Wahl 4/19/2001)
Wintu, Achumawi, Astugewi (Heather Martin, 5/16/2016)
|Dimensions||H-11 Dia-16 inches|
|Caption||045.003 front and interior of basket|