|Collection||Dr. Fred R. Neumann Basketry Collection|
|Collector||Dr. Fred R. Neumann|
(Heather Martin) This is a small coiled shallow bowl with flaring sides. It has a three-rod foundation, exterior workface, and leftward work direction. It has a sewn over start with no indentation. The stitches are interlocking and are not widely spaced. The rim finish is plain wrapped and the coil ending is tapered. There are some split stitches on the interior and exterior of the basket, though they do not seem intentional. The slant of weft is mixed due to the interlocking nature of the stitches. The fag ends are concealed, but sometimes clipped, while the moving ends are clipped. The foundation is a peeled shoot. The weft background material is a split peeled shoot, possibly willow (Salix sp.), cottonwood (Populus fremontii), or sumac (Rhus trilobata), with the exception of one row, about half way from the start, that appears to be a grass material. The black design material is split devil's claw pod (Harpaophytum sp.). The design is made up of four repeats of two vertical elements. The first element is three rhombus shapes, one above the other, while the second element is a zigzag. It should be noted that the design is not present at the base of the basket, yet extends to the final coil. The black material is also used to sew over the start. There are no signs of use.
The materials and overall style of this basket are consistent with those made in Southern California and the Southwest. The three-rod foundation of the basket, leftward work direction, clipped splices, and materials indicate that the basket is more likely to have originated in the Yavapai-Apache region of Southern California and Arizona. The groups in this area are the Yavapai, Havasupai, Western Apache, and Chemehuevi. This is consistent with the attribution made by Mary Wahl, who identified the basket as Chemehuevi or Apache. The four groups in this region make baskets that are nearly identical with the exception of the use of black materials. Yavapai and Western Apache baskets almost always have black starts and rims, as well as a design that uses a lot of black material. Both Havasupai and Chemehuevi can have white starts and rims, and have more sparse designs, all of which are characteristics found in this basket.
(Mary Wahl 4/19/2001) Probably Chemehuevi, but could be Apache. This is because it could have been made in California by the Chemehuevi, who were originally from San Bernardino, CA, but moved to Parker, AZ. Weave is to the right.
|Material||Devils Claw, Willow|
|Place of Origin||Northern CA|
Havasupai or Chemehuevi (Heather Martin)
Chemehuevi or Apache (Mary Wahl 4/19/2001)
|Dimensions||H-7.5 Dia-62.23 cm|
|Caption||045.018 image showing the exterior of the basket|