|Collection||Dr. Fred R. Neumann Basketry Collection|
|Collector||Dr. Fred R. Neumann|
(Heather Martin 6/20/2016) This is a tall twined bowl with slightly flaring sides. The slant of weft is down to the right, the workface is the exterior, and the work direction is to the right. The basket has a start in which the warps are bound with a single weft and then separated into a radiating pattern. The base of the basket is warped, though it appears that the start was not indented. The basket is plain twined for four rows. Then the base is woven by alternating one row of between-weave and one row of plain twining. The base of the basket is finished with three rows of plain twining and one row of three-strand twining. The walls of the basket are plain twined to the rim. The warps and wefts are likely to be Sitka spruce (Picea Sitchensis). Splice ends appear to be knotted to the warp elements. The design is done using false embroidery of undyed and brown dyed grass and consists of five bands. The upper, lower, and central bands are geometrical designs that resemble rhombuses while the other two bands are geometrical designs of rectangles. The rim is finished by clipping the warps after the final weft row of the basket. At the end of the last weft row, the wefts appear to be knotted on the interior of the basket. The basket has no signs of native use, but has extensive damage. The base (045.005b) has been torn from the walls (045.005a) of the basket. There is a beige thread that has been sewn around the rim of the basket, though it is now broken throughout, leaving the ends protruding. This thread appears to have been used to sew the base to the walls, however if this is the case, the walls would have been reattached upside-down. The basket has now been properly repaired using Japanese tissue paper and wheatstarch paste.
This basket is consistent with the spruce root basketry made by the Haida and Tlingit. The fineness of weaving, thin walls, use of between-weave, and false embroidery are all typical of these cultures. While both of these cultures work in a rightward direction, the groups differ in how the basket is oriented during the weaving process. The Haida weave with the basket upside down with the warps pointing downward (Weber 1986:82). The Tlingit, on the other hand, weave the basket right-side up with the warps pointing upward (Weber 1986:82). The result is that the jog, the area where the weaver completes a row and begins the next, moves up in an upright Haida basket and down in an upright Tlingit basket. This basket has "jog downs" that indicate that it is a Tlingit basket (Busby 2003:47). This is consistent with Mary Wahl's determination that this basket comes from the Northwest coast or Alaska.
(Mary Wahl 4/19/2001) Northwest coast, possibly Alaska.
|Material||spruce root, grass|
|Place of Origin||northwest coast, Canada|
NW Coast (Mary Wahl 4/19/2001)
Tlingit (Heather Martin 6/20/2016)
|Caption||045.005b base of basket prior to repair|