|Object Name||Basket, Trinket|
|Other Name||Twined Basket Tray|
|Collection||Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Hupp Collection|
|Collector||Rosalie Hupp Baldwin (d)|
(Heather Martin 5/15/2016) This is a twined tray with a decorative rim finish in which the warps extend from the rim in groups of four, creating arches that are intricately woven together and then attached at the backface by a second basketry element (described below). The end of the last weft row is knotted, the slant of weft is up to the right, the workface is the decorated side, and the work direction is to the right. The basket has a cross-warp start that was probably flat originally but now has a convex shape, probably due to the fact that the center portion has been torn from the basket. The start is surrounded by about half an inch of three-strand twining and is then plain twined to the rim. The warps are probably hazel (Corylus sp.), the wefts are conifer root, and the overlay is a combination of bear grass (Xerophyllum tenax) and maiden hair fern stem (Adiantum sp.). The warps are added by incorporation into existing weft crossings, with no concentric circles observed. The design is created with a single-sided overlay. The design element consists of a black band around the start with six inward pointing triangles around the outside edge. The outer band is a geometrical band that creates negative and positive triangle shapes. As previously mentioned, the warps are woven at the rim to form a decorative pattern. To do this, the weaver would have completed the basket, leaving the warps extending from the rim. The basket was then turned over so that the weaver faced the backface. The first group of warps was looped over and the ends placed after the 12th warp to the left (this allowed for three groups to extend from under the newly formed arch). With these warp ends held in place the weaver began to twine by doubling a single weft element over the warp end on the left. As the weaver twined to the right they looped over the next set of warps and twined the ends next to the previous warp ends. As the process continued, the warps were woven decoratively. Once all the warps were secured to the back, two additional rows were twined to secure them. This second basketry element was finished by fastening the weft ends with commercial string to the previous row.
This basket was likely made in the Northwestern region of California. These cultures included Yurok, Karuk, Hupa, Tolowa, and Whilkut. All of these cultures use single-sided overlays of bear grass and maiden hair fern stem, which can be seen in this basket (Shanks 2015:18). This type of basket is not typical of the traditional forms made in this area. In particular, the decorative treatment of the warps is undocumented in baskets made for traditional use. On the contrary, this type of decorative finish is fairly common in baskets that were made to appeal to non-Native people. This type of basket provides an example of the changes in basketry styles due to contact with non-Native people and the transition of basketry from a utilitarian object to a commodity made for financial gain.
|Material||Hazel, conifer root, bear grass, maiden hair fern stem|
|Place of Origin||Northwestern California|
Hupa (Mary Wahl 4/19/2001)
Hupa, Yurok, Karuk, Tolowa, or Whilkut (Heather Martin 5/15/2016)
Date Collected: 1910-1920
|Caption||2.2 outter and center pieces|