|Object Name||Basket, Trinket|
|Collection||Grace Carrigan Collection|
|Collector||Mrs. Grace Carrigan|
(Heather Martin 7/11/16) This is a small twined trinket basket with a lid typical of the style made on the northwest coast of Canada and southern Alaska. The workface is the exterior and the work direction appears to be to the left. However, culture groups in this area traditionally weave to the right, though some weave with the warps pointing downward which gives the appearance of a leftward work direction when the basket is held upright. Therefore, this basket actually has a rightward work direction and was woven in an inverted position. The start of the basket is indented and made by doubling over three bundles of warps, with the folded ends facing towards the center and the free ends radiation out to form the warps. The basket is entirely plain twined with a down-to-the-right slant of weft. The base of the basket is worked openly to create a decorative pattern of exposed warps. The designs on the walls of the basket are made by incorporating blue and red yarn into the weft stitches. The design consists of three bands of squares of one color with lateral extensions of the other color. The colors seem to be chosen randomly. At the rim, the final row of twining is used to bind down the warp ends, with the warp of the previous stitch bent downward and bound with the following stitch. The weft ends are secured by tying them with a white string. The weft splices are created by knotting new and existing wefts on the interior of the basket. Both the warp and weft are made using an unidentified grass. The lid of the basket is made in the same manner, with an upward pointing start and one band of exposed warps. The design consists of and inner and outer red band, with sporadic shapes in between that match the walls of the basket except that the shapes are solid colored.
This basket is consistent with the grass basketry made by the Aleut. The Aleut and Haida are documented as weaving with the basket upside down with the warps pointing downward (Weber 1986:82). The result is that the jog, the area where the weaver completes a row and begins the next, moves up in upright Haida and Aleut baskets. This basket has "jog ups" that indicate that it was woven in the inverted position (Busby 2003:47). However, the Aleut are the only culture who weave baskets in this style using grass whereas the Haida used spruce root (Weber 1986:82). Therefore, this basket fits the description of an Aleut basket, despite its recordation describing it as a Hupa, Yurok, or Karuk basket.
|Place of Origin||Aleutian Islands, Alaska|
|Provenance||Aleut (Heather Martin 7/11/16)|
|Caption||053.011 base of basket from the exterior|