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Catalog Number 254.004
Object Name Basket, Cooking
Collector Found in CSUC Stiles warehouse during reorganization in 1990.
Description Baskets found in storage during reorganization in 1990, no other information or documentation available.

(Heather Martin 3/22/16) This is a medium-sized globular twined bowl. The slant of weft is up to the right, the workface is the exterior, and the work direction is to the right. The basket has an indented cross-warp start. The basket begins with half an inch of three-strand twining and is then plain-twined for one and one-fourth inches. Then there are two rows of three-strand twining separated by one row of plain twining. The basket is then plain-twined to the rim, with the final three rows in three-strand twining. The warps are trimmed at the basket's rim. The end of the last weft row is fastened with beige thread, which may be a modern repair if the final weft stitch is missing. The warps are difficult to see, but are likely to be hazel (Corylus sp.) that is added in concentric circles. The plain-twined portions of the basket are woven with a single-sided overlay. The wefts are conifer root while the overlay is a background of bear grass (Xerophyllum tenax) and design in maiden hair fern stem (Adiantum sp.). On the base there are two bands of checkered light and dark material. The basket's main design consists of five columns of vertically stacked parallelograms. Each column has four parallelograms, each with three vertical bands down the center. Just above this design is a final band of checkered light and dark material.

This basket was likely made in the Northwestern region of California. These cultures included Yurok, Karuk, Hupa, Tolowa, and Whilkut. Mary Wahl identified this as a Hupa basket, though all of these cultures use single-sided overlays of bear grass and maiden hair fern stem, which can be seen in this basket (Shanks 2015:18). This basket resembles a cooking basket, which varied in shape across cultures in Northwestern California. This basket more closely resembles Whilkut cooking baskets, which are globular, yet widest at the lower one-third of the basket (Shanks 2015:22). Whilkut cooking baskets typically have two rows of three-strand twining at the rim (Shanks 2015:23). While this basket as three rows of three-strand twining at the rim rather than two, this may be a variation on Whilkut technique. However, this basket does not have the lattice-twined reinforcing rods typical to this area, which may indicate that it was a ceremonial cooking basket (Shanks 2015:23).

(Mary Wahl 4/19/2001) Hupa group.
Material hazel, conifer root, bear grass, maiden hair fern stem
Place of Origin northwestern California
Provenance Hupa (Mary Wahl 4/19/2001)
Probably Whilkut (Heather Martin 3/22/16)
Date Collected: March 1990
Dimensions H-13.5 Dia-16 cm
Imagefile 004\254004-4.JPG
Caption 254.004 start of the basket from the exterior