|Object Name||Basket, Cooking|
|Other Name||Twined Basket|
(Heather Martin 5/15/16) This is a twined globular-shaped bowl. The slant of weft is up to the right, the workface is the exterior, and the work direction is to the right. It has a cross-warp start with a very slight indentation. The start is surrounded by four rows of three-strand twining followed by one and three-fourths inches of plain twining. There are three rows of three-strand twining at the point where the base begins to turn upward to from the walls of the basket. The basket is then plain twined to the rim. The warps are trimmed at the rim, with the end of the last weft row missing. The warp materials are probably hazel (Corylus sp.) and the weft material is conifer root with a single-sided overlay (showing through in the back face in an irregular pattern) of bear grass (Xerophyllum tenax), maiden hair fern stem (Adiantum sp.), and red dyed woodwardia fern stem (Woodwardia sp.). The base of the basket has several dotted bands of bear grass. The design on the basket's wall consists of three dark bands against the light bear grass overlay. The lower band is created by the absence of an overlay and consists of upward pointing triangles. The second band is a woodwardia zig-zag with a row of maiden hair fern stem in the lower portion of the band. The upper band is also created by the absence of an overlay and consists of downward pointing triangles. There are no signs of Native use on this basket, though it is misshapen and has extensive loss at the rim.
This basket was likely made in the Northwestern region of California. These cultures included Yurok, Karuk, Hupa, Tolowa, and Whilkut. All of these cultures use single-sided overlays of bear grass, red-dyed woodwardia fern, and maiden hair fern stem, which can be seen in this basket (Shanks 2015:18). This basket resembles a cooking basket, which varied in shape across cultures in Northwestern California. This basket more closely resembles Karuk cooking baskets, which are globular and widest at the mid-point, as well as broad in comparison to its height. (Shanks 2015:22). The Karuk were also known to use red-dyed woodwardia more often than other Northwestern California groups. Mary Wahl previously attributed this basket to either the Hupa or Wintu. While a Hupa origin is possible, it is important to note the Wintu use double-sided overlays, which do not match the description of this basket.
(Mary Wahl 4/19/2001) Hupa or Wintun.
|Material||hazel, conifer root, bear grass, woodwardia fern, maiden hair fern|
|Place of Origin||northwestern California|
Hupa or Wintun (Mary Wahl 4/19/2001)
Karuk (Heather Martin)
|Caption||270.003 image showing the start from the interior|